RV Driver's License Requirements

Individuals operating large recreational vehicles often ask if a special driver's license is required. Because driver's licenses are issued by each state (and Washington D.C.), the rules vary.

We have researched RV driver's license requirements for all fifty states plus D.C. and compiled the summary below. Our primary source of information were the official driver's license web sites for each jurisdiction. In cases of insufficient or conflicting information, we called the appropriate departments to confirm.

Commercial Driver's License

When discussing driver's license requirements for large RV's, the Commercial Driver's License (CDL) topic often follows closely behind. To answer common questions about the CDL, we have compiled the following summary:

  • CDL is administered by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA)
  • FMCSA defines minimum requirements that all states must meet when issuing CDL's
  • States are free to define more stringent CDL rules
  • FMCSA regulations only address commercial motor vehicles (CMV)
  • RV's used strictly for recreational and other non-commercial functions do not meet the FMCSA definition of a CMV

Federal Class A & B CDL Requirements

Disclaimer: All content as is, no warranty. More »

FMCSA defines several CDL classes based on vehicle weight, type, and cargo. While most states do not require a CDL for driving large RV's, some do require special non-commercial licenses structured after the federal classification. The two classes applicable to RV's are A & B, which are defined below:

  • Class A: Any combination of vehicles with a GVWR of 26,001 or more pounds provided the GVWR of the vehicle(s) being towed is in excess of 10,000 pounds.
  • Class B: Any single vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 or more pounds, or any such vehicle towing a vehicle not in excess of 10,000 pounds GVWR.

If you are not sure what the various weights mean, please see Understanding RV Weights.

State Driver's License Summary

This section contains a summary of non-commercial RV driver's license requirements of the fifty states plus Washington D.C.

Legend:

State - State or Washington D.C. code

CDL - Indicates if CDL is required for non-commercial RV's

Special - Indicates if special driver's license is required

DL - Abbreviation for "driver's license"

Review - Date of information review


Information Confidence Levels:

- High, documents specific or confirmed with officials

- Medium, confirm with your state

- Low, confirm with your state

- Incomplete information or still researching

> - Greater than

Y - Yes

N - No

k - 1,000

State CDL Special DL Web Site Comments Review
AK N N DL Web Site Jul 05
AL N N DL Web Site Jul 05
AR N N DL Web Site Driver's license manual states that a Class D license is valid up to 26,000 lb GVWR. We confirmed by phone that the Class D license is valid for all RV's. Jul 05
AZ N N DL Web Site Driver's license and CDL manuals imply that a CDL is required above 26,000 lb GVWR. However, A.R.S. 28-3102 exempts RV's from CDL requirement. Jan 14
CA N Y > 10k lb or > 40' DL Web Site Motor homes over 40' but not longer than 45' require non-commercial Class B. Trailers over 10,000 lb GVWR and fifth wheels over 15,000 lb GVWR require non-commercial Class A. See Recreational Vehicles and Trailers Handbook. Oct 08
CO N N DL Web Site While CDL manual states that a CDL is required for trucks above 6,500 lb, we confirmed by phone that CDL is not required for any RV. Jul 05
CT N Y > 10k lb DL Web Site Class 2 license required for trailers above 10,000 lb GVW Jul 05
DC Y > 26k lb N DL Web Site According to officials, a CDL is required above 26,000 lb. Must pass the CDL knowledge test, but the road test is not required. Jan 06
DE N N DL Web Site Jun 11
FL N N DL Web Site Driver's license manual states that a Class E license is valid up to 26,000 lb GVWR. However, Florida statute 322.53(2)(d) exempts all RV's from CDL requirement, regardless of weight. Jan 14
GA N N DL Web Site Jul 05
HI Y > 26k lb Y > 15k lb Class 4 license required for trailers weighing more than 15,000 lb and less than 26,000 lb. CDL implied above 26,000 lb. Jul 05
IA N N DL Web Site Jul 05
ID N N DL Web Site Jul 05
IL N Y > 16k lb DL Web Site Above 16,000 lb GVWR or GCWR, or towing above 10,000 lb, requires non-commercial Class A, B or C. Aug 07
IN Y > 45' N DL Web Site Aug 09
KS N Y > 26k lb DL Web Site Above 26,000 lb GVWR or GCWR requires non-commercial Class A or B Feb 14
KY N N DL Web Site Jul 05
LA N N DL Web Site Jul 05
MA N N DL Web Site Driver's license manual states that a Class D license is valid up to 26,000 lb registered weight. We confirmed by phone that the Class D license is valid for all RV's. Jul 05
MD N Y > 26k lb DL Web Site Above 26,000 lb GVW requires non-commercial Class A or B Jul 05
ME N N DL Web Site Jul 05
MI N Y > 1 trailer DL Web Site "R" endorsement required if pulling two trailers Jul 05
MN N N DL Web Site Jul 05
MO N N DL Web Site Jul 05
MS N N DL Web Site Jan 14
MT N N DL Web Site Driver's license manual states that a Class D license is valid up to 26,000 lb GVW. We confirmed by phone that the Class D license is valid for all RV's. Jan 14
NC N Y > 26k lb DL Web Site Above 26,000 lb GVWR or GCWR requires non-commercial Class A or B Jul 05
ND N N DL Web Site Jul 05
NE N N DL Web Site Jul 05
NH N N DL Web Site Driver's license manual states that a Class D license is valid up to 26,000 lb GVW. We confirmed by phone that the Class D license is valid for all RV's. Jan 06
NJ N N DL Web Site Jul 05
NM N Y > 26k lb DL Web Site Above 26,000 lb GVW requires class E. See sections 18.19.5.30 and 18.19.5.112 in TRD Publication 18.18 & 18.19 NMAC. Oct 08
NV N Y > 10k lb DL Web Site When towing trailer above 10,000 lb GVWR, requires "J" endorsement. Above 26,000 lb GVWR or GCWR requires non-commercial Class A or B. Jul 05
NY N Y > 26k lb DL Web Site Above 26,000 lb GVWR requires "R" endorsement. A new law enacted 7/2005 has eliminated the non-CDL class C. See The Elimination of the Non-CDL Class C License. Jan 07
OH N N DL Web Site Jul 05
OK N N DL Web Site Jul 05
OR N N DL Web Site Jul 05
PA N Y > 26k lb DL Web Site Above 26,000 lb GVWR or GCWR requires non-commercial Class A or B Sep 09
RI N N DL Web Site According to DL officials, above 26,000 lb GVWR or GCWR requires commercial Class A or B. However, RI statute 31-10.3-16 (5) speicifally exempts RV's. Aug 07
SC N Y > 26k lb DL Web Site Above 26,000 lb GVW requires Class E or F Jan 07
SD N N DL Web Site Jul 05
TN N N DL Web Site Sep 10
TX N Y > 26k lb DL Web Site Above 26,000 lb GVWR or GCWR (while towing > 10,000 lb) requires non-commercial Class A or B Jan 14
UT N N DL Web Site Also see the License Class section in the Utah Investigators Vehicle Crash Report Instruction Manual. Jun 10
VA N N DL Web Site Information confirmed by a VA state trooper. Jun 08
VT N N DL Web Site Jul 05
WA N N DL Web Site Jul 05
WI Y > 45' N DL Web Site RV exemption in CDL manual: "motor home, fifth wheel mobile home,... provided it isn't longer than 45 feet" Jul 05
WV N N DL Web Site Jul 05
WY N Y > 26k lb DL Web Site Above 26,000 lb GVWR or GCWR requires non-commercial Class A or B Jul 05